The Book of Common Prayer
United States England Scotland Ireland Wales Canada World

    The Proposed Book of Common Prayer (1928)
of the Church of England

 

AN ALTERNATIVE ORDER

FOR THE ADMINISTRATION OF

HOLY COMMUNION.

GENERAL RUBRICKS.
 

 
 

∂ For the avoidance of all controversy and doubtfulness, it is hereby prescribed, that, notwithstanding anything that is elsewhere enjoined in any Rubrick or Canon, the Priest, in celebrating the Holy Communion, shall wear either a surplice with stole or with scarf and hood, or a white alb plain with a vestment or cope.

∂ The Order here provided shall not be supplemented by additional prayers, save so far as is herein permitted; nor shall the private devotions of the Priest be such as to hinder, interrupt, or alter the course of the service.

∂ There shall be no celebration of the Lordís Supper, except there be a convenient number to communicate with the Priest according to his discretion.

∂ It is much to be wished that at every celebration of the Lordís Supper the worshippers present, not being reasonably hindered, will communicate with the Priest.

∂ And in Cathedral and Collegiate Churches and Colleges, where there are many Priests and Deacons, they shall all receive the Communion with the Priest every Sunday at the least, except they have a reasonable cause to the contrary.

∂ Every confirmed member of the Church shall communicate at the least three times in the year, of which Easter to be one.

∂ It is convenient that so many as intend to be partakers of the Holy Communion should signify their names to the Curate.

∂ If any be an open and notorious evil liver, or have done any wrong to his neighbours by word or deed, so that the Congregation be thereby offended; the Curate, having knowledge thereof, shall call him and advertise him, that in any wise he presume not to come to the Lordís Table, until he have openly declared himself to have truly repented and amended his former naughty life, that the Congregation may thereby be satisfied, which before were offended; and that he have recompensed the parties, to whom he hath done wrong; or at least declare himself to be in full purpose so to do, as soon as he conveniently may.

∂ The same order shall the Curate use with those betwixt whom he perceiveth malice and hatred to reign; not suffering them to be partakers of the Lordís Table, until he know them to be reconciled. And if one of the parties so at variance be content to forgive from the bottom of his heart all that the other ha/h trespassed against him, and to make amends for that he himself hath offended; and the other party will not be persuaded to a godly unity, but remain still in his frowardness and malice the Minister in that case ought to admit the penitent person to the Holy Communion, and not him. that is obstinate.

∂ Provided that every Minister so advertising or repelling any, as is specified in the two precedent paragraphs, shall he obliged forthwith to give an account of the same to the Bishop, and therein to obey his order and direction.

∂ The Table, at the Communion-time having a fair white linen cloth upon it, shall stand in the Body of the Church, or in the Chancel, where Morning and Evening Prayer are appointed to be said.
 

In the 1928 version, these rubrics are rearranged considerably and placed before the 1662 Communion Service.

1927:

∂ The Bread and Wine for the Holy Communion shall be provided by the Curate and the Churchwardens at the charges of the Parochial Church Council. And it is desirable that the Bread shall be the best and purest wheat bread, whether loaf or wafer, that conveniently may be gotten.

1928:

¶ To take away all occasion of dissension and superstition which any person hath or might have concerning the Bread and Wine, it shall suffice that the Bread be such as is usual to be eaten. And it is desirable that the Bread shall be the best and purest wheat bread, whether loaf or wafer, that conveniently may be gotten. The Bread and Wine for the Communion shall be provided by the Curate and the Churchwardens of the Parish.
 

 

∂ If the consecrated Bread and Wine be spent before all have communicated, the Priest is to consecrate more according to the form prescribed.

∂ After the service ended, the money given at the Offertory shall be disposed of to such pious and charitable uses as the Curate and Churchwardens shall think fit. Wherein if they disagree, it shall be disposed of as the Bishop shall appoint.
 

 

[∂ A collection of alms for the poor and other offerings of the people may be made at other times of divine service ; and whensoever such collection is made, it shall be lawful for the Minister to present such alms and offerings upon the Holy Table.]

∂ Yearly at Easter every parishioner shall reckon with the Parson, Vicar, or Curate, or his or their deputy or deputies; and pay to them or him all ecclesiastical duties accustomably due then and at that time to be paid.

∂ From the Comfortable Words onwards the Service shall follow continuously in one Order or the other without any interchange, but it shall be permissible in using the Order of 1662 to adopt any of the Proper Prefaces, or the methods of administration sanctioned in the Alternative Order.
 

This rubric removed in 1928.

¶ It is an ancient and laudable custom of the Church to receive this Holy Sacrament fasting. Yet for the avoidance of all scruple it is hereby declared that such preparation may be used or not used, according to every manís conscience in the sight of God.

¶ The Minister of a Parish shall celebrate the Holy Communion according to the Order of 1662 on at least one Sunday in each month in any case where either the Parochial church Council so desires or the Bishop of the Diocese, being satisfied that there is a substantial desire in the Parish for a celebration according to the said Order, so directs.


 

These two rubrics added in 1928.

AN ALTERNATIVE ORDER

FOR THE ADMINISTRATION OF

HOLY COMMUNION.

 
[∂ The service following shall be said throughout in a distinct and audible voice.]

This rubric removed in 1928.

 
∂ The Priest standing at Godís Board shall say the Lordís Prayer with the Collect following, the people kneeling.

THE INTRODUCTION.

OUR Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name; Thy kingdom come; Thy will be done; In earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, As we forgive them that trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation But deliver us from evil. Amen.

The Collect.

ALMIGHTY God, unto whom all hearts be open, all desires known, and from whom no secrets are hid; Cleanse the thoughts of our hearts by the inspiration of thy Holy Spirit, that we may perfectly love thee, and worthily magnify thy holy name; through Christ our Lord. Amen.

∂ Then shall the Priest, turning to the people, rehearse distinctly all the TEN COMMANDMENTS; and the people, still kneeling, shall after every commandment ask Godís mercy for their transgression of every duty therein (either according to the letter or according to the spiritual import thereof) for the time past, and grace to keep the same for the time to come, as followeth.

    Priest. God spake these words and said:
  I am the Lord thy God; thou shalt have none other gods but me.
    People. Lord, have mercy upon us, and incline our hearts to keep this law.
    Priest. Thou shalt not make to thyself any graven image, nor the likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or in the earth beneath, or in the water under the earth. Thou shalt not bow down to them, nor worship them.
    People. Lord, have mercy upon us, and incline our hearts to keep this law.
    Priest. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain.
    People. Lord, have mercy upon us, and incline our hearts to keep this law.
    Priest. Remember that thou keep holy the Sabbath day. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all that thou hast to do; but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord thy God.
    People. Lord, have mercy upon us, and incline Our hearts to keep this law.
    Priest. Honour thy father and thy mother.
    People. Lord, have mercy upon us, and incline our hearts to keep this law.
    Priest. Thou shalt do no murder.
    People. Lord, have mercy upon us, and incline our hearts to keep this law.
    Priest. Thou shalt not commit adultery.
    People. Lord, have mercy upon us, and incline our hearts to keep this law.
    Priest. Thou shalt not steal.
    People. Lord, have mercy upon us, and incline our hearts to keep this law.
    Priest. Thou shalt not bear false witness.
    People. Lord, have mercy upon us, and incline our hearts to keep this law.
    Priest. Thou shalt not covet.
    People. Lord, have mercy upon us, and write all these thy laws in our hearts, we beseech thee.

The Decalogue* may be omitted, provided that it be rehearsed at least once on a Sunday in each month: and when it is so omitted, then shall be said in place thereof our Lordís Summary of the Law.

* "Ten Commandments" in 1928.

 
    Priest.
Our Lord Jesus Christ said: Hear O Israel, The Lord our God is one Lord; and thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength. This is the first commandment. And the second is like, namely this: Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is none other commandment greater than these. On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets.
    Answer. Lord, have mercy upon us, and incline our hearts to keep this law.
 

 
1927:

Or else the following may be said for the Answer.

Lord, have mercy.
    Christ, have mercy.
Lord, have mercy.

1928:

Or else the following may be sung or said:

Lord, have mercy.
    Christ, have mercy.
Lord, have mercy.

or

Kyrie, eleison.
    Christe, eleison.
Kyrie, eleison.

 

 
 Either the Decalogue* or the Summary shall be said on Sundays. At other times instead thereof, the following may be sung or said:
 

Lord, have mercy.
   Christ, have mercy.
Lord, have mercy.

or
Kyrie, eleison.
   Christe, eleison.
Kyrie, eleison.

∂ Then the Priest standing as before, shall say,

Answer.
The Lord be with you;
And with thy spirit.

Let us pray.

∂ And turning to the Holy Table he shall say the Collect of the Day. Other collects contained in this Book or authorized by the Bishop may follow.

 

* "Ten Commandments" in 1928.

THE MINISTRY OF THE WORD.

∂ Immediately thereafter he that readeth the Epistle shall say, The Epistle [or The Lesson] is written in the ó chapter of ó beginning at the ó verse. And the reading ended, he shall say, Here endeth the Epistle [or the Lesson].

∂ Then the Deacon or Priest that readeth the Gospel (the people all standing up) shall say, The Holy Gospel is written in the ó chapter of the Gospel according to Saint ó, beginning at the ó verse.

    Answer. Glory be to thee, O Lord.

And the Gospel shall be read.

He that readeth the Epistle or the Gospel shall so stand and turn himself as he may best be heard of the people.

The Gospel ended, there may be said Praise be to thee, O Christ.

∂ Then shall be sung or said the Creed following, the people still standing as before : except that at the discretion of the Minister it may be omitted on any day not being a Sunday or a Holy-day.

I BELIEVE in one God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth, And of all things visible and invisible:
    And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, Begotten of his Father before all worlds, God of God, Light of Light, Very God of very God, Begotten, not made, Being of one substance with the Father, By whom all things were made: Who for us men, and for our salvation came down from heaven, And was incarnate by the Holy Ghost of the Virgin Mary, And was made man, And was crucified also for us under Pontius Pilate. He suffered and was buried, And the third day he rose again according to the Scriptures, And ascended into heaven, And sitteth on the right hand of the Father. And he shall come again with glory to judge both the quick and the dead: Whose kingdom shall have no end.
    And I believe in the Holy Ghost, The Lord, The giver of life, Who proceedeth from the Father and the Son, Who with the Father and the Son together is worshipped and glorified, Who spake by the Prophets.
    And I believe One Holy Catholick and Apostolick Church. I acknowledge one Baptism for the remission of sins. And I look for the Resurrection of the dead, And the Life of the world to come. Amen.

∂ Then the Curate shall declare unto the people what Holy-days or Fasting-days are in the week following to be observed. And then also, if occasion be, shall notice be given of the Holy Communion, or of other services; Banns of matrimony may be published, and Briefs, Citations, and Excommunications shall be read, and Bidding of Prayers may be made. And nothing shall be proclaimed or published in the church during the time of Service, but by the Minister: nor by him any thing but what is prescribed in the rules of this Book, or enjoined by the King, or enjoined or permitted by the Bishop.

∂ Then may follow the Sermon, or one of the Homilies already set forth, or hereafter to be set forth, by authority.

∂ When the Minister giveth warning for the celebration of Holy Communion, he may read to the people, at such times as he shall think convenient, one of the two Exhortations placed at the end of this Order.

 

 

THE OFFERTORY.

∂ Then shall the Priest, standing at the Lordís Table, begin the Offertory, saying one or more of these Sentences following, as he thinketh most convenient in his discretion, or the Priests and Clerks shall sing the same.

LET your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven. St. Matthew 5. 16.
    Lay not up for yourselves treasure upon the earth; where the rust and moth doth corrupt, and where thieves break through and steal: but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven; where neither rust nor moth doth corrupt, and where thieves do not break through and steal. St. Matthew 6. 19.
    Whatsoever ye would that men should do unto you, even so do unto them; for this is the Law and the Prophets. St. Matthew 7. 12.
    Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the Kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven. St. Matthew 7. 21.
    Remember the words of the Lord Jesus, how he said, It is more blessed to give than to receive. Acts 20. 35.
    Godliness is great riches, if a man be content with that he hath: for we brought nothing into the world, neither may we carry any thing out. 1 Timothy 6. 6, 7.
    Be merciful after thy power. If thou hast much, give plenteously: if thou hast little, do thy diligence gladly to give of that little: for so gatherest thou thyself a good reward in the day of necessity. Tobit 4.8.
    All things come of thee, and of thine own have we given thee. 1 Chronicles 29. 14.
    If we have sown unto you spiritual things, is it a great matter if we shall reap your worldly things? 1 Corinthians 9. 11.
    Do ye not know, that they who minister about holy things live of the sacrifice; and they who wait at the altar are partakers with the altar? Even so hath the Lord also ordained, that they who preach the Gospel should live of the Gospel. 1 Corinthians 9. 13.
    He that soweth little shall reap little ; and he that soweth plenteously shall reap plenteously. Let every man do according as he is disposed in his heart, not grudging, or of necessity ; for God loveth a cheerful giver. 2 Corinthians 9. 6.
    Let him that is taught in the Word minister unto him that teacheth, in all good things. Be not deceived, God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth that shall he reap. Galatians 6. 6.
    While we have time, let us do good unto all men; and specially unto them that are of the household of faith. Galatians 6. 10.
    God is not unrighteous, that he will forget your works, and labour that proceedeth of love; which love ye have shewed for his nameís sake, who have ministered unto the saints, and yet do minister. Hebrews 6. 10.
    Lift up your eyes and look upon the fields; for they are white already to harvest. St. John 4. 35.
    Charge them who are rich in this world, that they be ready to give, and glad to distribute; laying up in store for themselves a good foundation against the time to come, that they may attain eternal life. 1 Timothy 6. 17-19.
    Whoso hath this worldís good, and seeth his brother have need, and shutteth up his compassion from him, how dwelleth the love of God in him? 1 St. John 3. 17.
    Blessed be the man that provideth for the sick and needy: the Lord shall deliver him in the time of trouble. Psalm 41. 1.
    To do good, and to distribute, forget not; for with such sacrifices God is pleased. Hebrews 13. 16.
    Offer unto God thanksgiving, and pay thy vows unto the most Highest. Psalm 50. 14.
    I will offer in his dwelling an oblation with great gladness: I will sing and speak praises unto the Lord. Psalm 27. 6.
    Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine; and he was the priest of the most high God. Genesis 14. 18.

∂ While these sentences are said or sung, the Deacons, Churchwardens, or other fit persons appointed for that purpose, shall receive the alms for the poor, or other devotions of the people, and reverently bring them to the Priest, who shall humbly present and place them upon the Holy Table in a decent bason to be provided by the Parish for that purpose.

∂ And when there is a Communion, the Priest shall place upon the Holy Table so much Bread and Wine, as he shall think sufficient.

∂ It is an ancient tradition of the Church to mingle a little water with the wine.

∂ The Priest may here bid special prayers and thanksgivings. Then he shall begin the Intercession.

 

This last rubric divided into two in 1928.

 

THE INTERCESSION.

Let us pray for the whole state of Christís Church.

ALMIGHTY and everliving God, who by thy holy Apostle hast taught us to make prayers, and supplications, and to give thanks, for all men; We humbly beseech thee most mercifully If no alms or oblations . . .[* to accept our alms and oblations, and] to receive these our prayers, which we offer unto thy Divine Majesty ; beseeching thee to inspire continually the universal Church with the spirit of truth, unity, and concord : And grant, that all they that do confess thy holy name may agree in the truth of thy Holy Word, and live in unity, and godly love.
    We beseech thee also to lead all nations in the way of righteousness and peace; and so to direct all kings and rulers, that under them thy people may be godly and quietly governed. And grant unto thy servant GEORGE our King, and to all that are put in authority under him, that they may truly and impartially minister justice, to the punishment of wickedness and vice, and to the maintenance of thy true religion, and virtue.
    Give grace, O heavenly Father, to all Bishops, Priests and Deacons, especially to thy servant N. our bishop, that they may both by their life and doctrine set forth thy true and living Word and rightly and duly administer thy holy Sacraments.
    Guide and prosper, we pray thee, those who are labouring for the spread of thy Gospel among the nations, and enlighten with thy Spirit all places of education and learning; that the whole world may be filled with the knowledge of thy truth.
    And to all thy people give thy heavenly grace; and specially to this congregation here present; that, with meek heart and due reverence, they may hear, and receive thy Holy Word; truly serving thee in holiness and righteousness all the days of their life.
    And we most humbly beseech thee of thy goodness, O Lord, to comfort and succour all them, who in this transitory life are in trouble, sorrow, need, sickness, or any other adversity.
    And we commend to thy gracious keeping, O Lord, all thy servants departed this life in thy faith and fear, beseeching thee to grant them everlasting light and peace.
    And here we give thee most high praise and hearty thanks for all thy Saints, who have been the chosen vessels of thy grace, and lights of the world in their several generations ; and we pray, that rejoicing in their fellowship, and following their good examples, we may be par takers with them of thy heavenly kingdom.
    Grant this, O Father, for Jesus Christís sake, our only Mediator amid Advocate; who liveth and reigneth with thee in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God world without end. Amen.

 

 

THE PREPARATION.

∂ At the time of the celebration of the Holy Communion, the communicants being conveniently placed for the receiving of the Holy Sacrament, the Priest may say this Exhortation. And if this Exhortation be not read at the time of the celebration of the Holy Communion, it shall nevertheless be read to the people by the Curate at such times as he think fit, and at the least on either the fourth or fifth Sunday in Lent.

DEARLY beloved in the Lord, ye that mind to come to the Holy Communion of the Body and Blood of our Saviour Christ, must consider how Saint Paul exhorteth all persons diligently to try and examine themselves, before they presume to eat of that Bread, and drink of that Cup. For as the benefit is great, if with a true penitent heart and lively faith we receive that holy Sacrament ; (for then we spiritually eat the flesh of Christ, and drink his blood; then we dwell in Christ, and Christ in us; we are one with Christ, and Christ with us;) so is the danger great, if we receive the same unworthily. For then we are guilty of the Body and Blood of Christ our Saviour.
    Judge therefore yourselves, brethren, that ye be not judged of the Lord; repent you truly for your sins past; have a lively and stedfast faith in Christ our Saviour; amend your lives, and be in perfect charity with all men; so shall ye be meet partakers of those holy mysteries. And above all things ye must give most humble and hearty thanks to God, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, for the redemption of the world by the death and passion of our Saviour Christ, both God and man; who did humble himself, even to the death upon the Cross, for us, miserable sinners, who lay in darkness and the shadow of death; that he might make us the children of God, and exalt us to everlasting life.
    And to the end that we should alway remember the exceeding great love of our Master, and only Saviour, Jesus Christ, thus dying for us, and the innumerable benefits which by his precious blood-shedding he hath obtained to us; he hath instituted and ordained holy mysteries, as pledges of his love, and for a continual remembrance of his death, to our great and endless comfort. To him therefore, with the Father and the Holy Ghost, let us give (as we are most bounden) continual thanks; submitting ourselves wholly to his holy will and pleasure, and studying to serve him in true holiness and righteousness all the days of our life. Amen.

∂ Then shall the Minister say to them that come to receive the Holy Communion.

YE that do truly and earnestly repent you of your sins, and are in love and charity with your neighbours, and intend to lead a new life, following the commandments of God, and walking from henceforth in his holy ways; Draw near with faith, and take this holy Sacrament to your comfort; and make your humble confession to Almighty God, meekly kneeling upon your knees.

Then shall this general Confession be begun, in the name of all those that are minded to receive the Holy Communion, by the Priest or one of the Ministers; both he and all the people kneeling humbly upon their knees, and saying,

ALMIGHTY God, Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, Maker of all things, Judge of all men; We acknowledge and bewail our manifold sins and wickedness, Which we, from time to time, most grievously have committed, By thought, word, and deed, Against thy Divine Majesty, Provoking most justly thy wrath and indignation against us. We do earnestly repent, And are heartily sorry for these our misdoings ; The remembrance of them is grievous unto us; The burden of them is intolerable. Have mercy upon us, Have mercy upon us, most merciful Father; For thy Son our Lord Jesus Christís sake, Forgive us all that is past; And grant that we may ever hereafter Serve and please thee In newness of life, To the honour and glory of thy name; Through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

Then shall the Priest (or the Bishop, being present) stand up, and turning himself to the people, pronounce this Absolution.

ALMIGHTY God, our heavenly Father, who of his great mercy hath promised forgiveness of sins to all them that with hearty repentance and true faith turn unto him; Have mercy upon you; pardon and deliver you from all your sins; confirm and strengthen you in all good ness; and bring you to everlasting life; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

The foregoing form of Invitation Confession, and Absolution shall be said on Sundays: but otherwise the following forms may be said at the discretion of the Priest.

DRAW near with faith, and take this Holy Sacrament to your comfort; and make your humble confession to Almighty God, meekly kneeling upon your knees.

Then shall be said by the Minister and people together, kneeling;

WE confess to God Almighty, time Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, that we have sinned in thought, word, and deed, through our own grievous fault. Wherefore we pray God to have mercy upon us.

And the Priest (or the Bishop, being present) standing up and turning himself to the people shall say:

ALMIGHTY God have mercy upon you, forgive you all your sins, and deliver you from all evil, confirm and strengthen you in all goodness, and bring you to everlasting life; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

∂ Then shall the Priest say,

Hear what comfortable words our Saviour Christ saith unto all that truly turn to him.

COME unto me all that travail and are heavy laden, and I will refresh you. St. Matthew 11. 28.
    So God loved the world, that he gave his only-begotten Son, to the end that all that believe in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. St. John 3. 16.

Hear also what Saint Paul saith.

    This is a true saying, and worthy of all men to be received, That Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners. 1 Timothy 1. 15.

Hear also what Saint John saith.
    If any man sin, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous ; and he is the propitiation for our sins. 1 St. John 2. 1.

Then shall the Priest, kneeling down at the Lordís Table, say in the name of all them that shall receive the Holy Communion,

Let us pray.

WE do not presume to come to this thy Table, O merciful Lord. trusting in our own righteousness, but in thy manifold and great mercies. We are not worthy so much as to gather up the crumbs under thy Table. But thou art the same Lord, whose property is always to have mercy: Grant us therefore gracious Lord so to eat the flesh of thy dear Son Jesus Christ, and to drink his blood, that our sinful bodies may be made clean by his body, and our souls washed through his most precious blood, and that we may evermore dwell in him, and he in us. Amen.

When the Priest, standing before the Holy Table, hath so ordered the Bread and Wine, that he may with the more readiness and decency break the Bread before the people, and take the Cup into his hands, he shall begin the Consecration, as followeth.

 

 

THE CONSECRATION.

Turning himself to the people he shall say,

Answer. The Lord be with you;
And with thy spirit.
Priest. Lift up your hearts.
Answer. We lift them up unto the Lord.
Priest. Let us give thanks unto our Lord God.
Answer. It is meet and right so to do.

Then shall the Priest turn to the Lordís Table, and say,

IT is very meet, right, and our bounden duty, that we should at all times, and in all places, give thanks unto Thee, O Lord, Holy Father, Almighty, Everlasting God.

Here shall follow the Proper Preface, according to the time, if there be any specially appointed, or else immediately shall follow,

THEREFORE with angels and archangels and all the company of heaven, we laud and magnify thy glorious name; evermore praising thee, and saying,

HOLY, holy, holy, Lord God of hosts, heaven and earth arc full of thy glory. Glory be to thee, O Lord most High. Amen.

Then shall the Priest continue thus.

ALL glory be to thee, Almighty God, our heavenly Father, for that thou of thy tender mercy didst give thine only Son Jesus Christ to suffer death upon the Cross for our redemption; who made there (by his one oblation of himself once offered) a full, perfect, and sufficient sacrifice, oblation, and satisfaction for the sins of the whole world; and did institute, and in his Holy Gospel command us to continue, a perpetual memory of that his precious death until his coming again;
    Who, Priest's manual acts at the Consecrationin the same night that he was betrayed, atook Bread, and when he had given thanks, bhe brake it, and gave it to his disciples, saying, Take, eat, cthis is my Body which is given for you; Do this in remembrance of me. Likewise after supper he dtook the Cup; and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them, saying, Drink ye the all of this ; for this eis my Blood of the New Covenant, which is shed for you and for many for the remission of sins ; Do this, as oft as ye shall drink it, in remembrance of me.
    Wherefore, O Lord and heavenly Father, we thy humble servants, having in remembrance the precious death and passion of thy dear Son, his mighty resurrection and glorious ascension, according to his holy institution do celebrate and set forth before thy divine Majesty with these thy holy gifts, the memorial which he hath willed us to make, rendering unto thee most hearty thanks for the innumerable benefits which he hath procured unto us.
    Hear us, O Merciful Father, we most humbly beseech thee, and with thy Holy and Life-giving Spirit vouchsafe to bless and sanctify both us and these thy gifts of Bread and Wine, that they may be unto us the Body and Blood of thy Son, our Saviour, Jesus Christ, to the end that, receiving the same, we may be strengthened and refreshed both in body and soul.
    And we entirely desire thy Fatherly goodness mercifully to accept this our sacrifice of praise and thanksgiving; most humbly beseeching thee to grant, that by the merits and death of thy Son Jesus Christ, and through faith in his blood, we and all thy whole Church may obtaining remission of our sins, and all other benefits of his passion.
    And here we offer and present unto thee, O Lord, ourselves, our souls and bodies, to be a reasonable, holy, and living sacrifice unto thee humbly beseeching thee, that all we, who are partakers of this Holy Communion, may be fulfilled with thy grace and heavenly benediction.
    And although we be unworthy, through our manifold sins, to offer unto thee any sacrifice, yet we beseech thee to accept this our bounden duty and service; not weighing our merits, but pardoning our offences;
    Through Jesus Christ our Lord, by whom, and with whom, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, all honour and glory be unto thee, O Father Almighty, world without end.

And all the people shall answer Amen.

Here shall the people join with the Priest in the Lordís Prayer, the Priest first saying,

    And now, as our Saviour Christ hath commanded and taught us, we are bold to say,

OUR Father, which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name; Thy kingdom come; Thy will be done; In earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, As we -forgive them that trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation; But deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, The power, and the glory, For ever and ever. Amen.

Then may the Priest say

The peace of God be alway with you;
Answer. And with thy spirit.

 

 

THE COMMUNION OF THE PRIEST AND PEOPLE.

Then shall the Priest first receive the Communion in both kinds himself, and then proceed to deliver the same to the Bishops, Priests, and Deacons, in like manner, (if any be present,) and after that to the people also in order, into their hands, all meekly kneeling. And, when he delivereth the Bread to any one, he shall say,

THE Body of our Lord Jesus Christ, which was given for thee, preserve thy body and soul unto everlasting life. Take and eat this in remembrance that Christ died for thee, and feed on him in thy heart by faith with thanksgiving.

And the Minister that delivereth the Cup to any one shall say,

THE Blood of our Lord Jesus Christ, which was shed for thee, preserve thy body and soul unto everlasting life. Drink this in remembrance that Christís Blood was shed for thee, and he thankful.

When occasion requires, the Minister may, instead of saying all the above Words of Administration to each communicant, say first in an audible voice to the whole number of them that come to receive the Holy Communion,

DRAW near and receive the Body of our Lord Jesus Christ which was given for you, and his Blood which was shed for you. Take them in remembrance that Christ died for you, and feed on him in your hearts by faith with thanksgiving.

And then in delivering the Bread to each communicant he shall say, either The Body of our Lord Jesus Christ, which was given for thee, preserve thy body and soul unto everlasting life, or, Take and eat this in remembrance that Christ died for thee, and feed on him in thy heart by faith with thanksgiving. And in delivering the Cup to each communicant he shall say, either The Blood of our Lord Jesus Christ, which was shed for thee, preserve thy body and soul unto everlasting life, or, Drink this in remembrance that Christís Blood was shed for thee, and be thankful.

Or else, when occasion requires, the Minister may say the whole form of words once to each row of communicants, or to a convenient number within each row, instead of saying them to each communicant severally.

When all have communicated, the Minister shall return to the Lordís Table, and reverently place upon it what remaineth of the consecrated Elements, covering the same with a fair linen cloth.

 

 

THE THANKSGIVING.

Then shall the Priest give thanks to God in the name of all them that have communicated, turning him first to the people, and saying,

    Having now received the precious Body and Blood of Christ, let us give thanks unto our Lord God.

ALMIGHTY and everliving God, we most heartily thank thee, for that thou dost vouchsafe to feed us, who have duly received these holy mysteries, with the spiritual food of the most precious Body and Blood of thy Son our Saviour Jesus Christ; and dost assure us thereby of thy favour and goodness towards us; and that we are very members incorporate in the mystical body of thy Son, which is the blessed company of all faithful people; and are also heirs through hope of thy ever lasting kingdom, by the merits of the most precious death and passion of thy dear Son. And we most humbly beseech thee, O heavenly Father, so to assist us with thy grace, that we may continue in that holy fellow ship, and do all such good works as thou hast prepared for us to walk in; through Jesus Christ our Lord, to whom, with thee and the Holy Ghost, be all honour and glory, world without end. Amen.

∂ Then shall the Priest with the people say or ring,

GLORY be to God on high, and in earth peace, good will towards men. We praise thee, we bless thee, we worship thee, we glorify thee, we give thanks to thee for thy great glory, O Lord God, heavenly King, God the Father Almighty.
    O Lord, the only-begotten Son Jesu Christ; O Lord God, Lamb of God, Son of the Father, that takest away the sins of the world, have mercy upon us. Thou that takest away the sins of the world, have mercy upon us. Thou that takest away the sins of the world, receive our prayer. Thou that sittest at the right hand of God the Fat her, have mercy upon us.
    For thou only art holy; thou only art the Lord; thou only, O Christ, with the Holy Ghost, art most high in the glory of God the Father. Amen.

At the discretion of the Minister, this Hymn may be omitted on any day not being a Sunday or a Holy-day.

This rubric added in 1928.

 
Then the Priest (or the Bishop if he be present), turning to the people, shall let them depart with this Blessing.

THE peace of God, which passeth all understanding, keep your hearts and minds in the knowledge and love of God, and of his Son Jesus Christ our Lord: and the blessing of God Almighty, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, be amongst you and remain with you always. Amen.

∂ If any of the consecrated Bread and Wine remain, apart from that which may be reserved for the Communion of the sick, as is provided in the Alternative Order for the Communion of the Sick, it shall not be carried out of the church ; but the Priest, and such other of the communicants as he shall call unto him, shall, immediately after the Blessing, reverently eat and drink the same.

∂ Upon the Sundays and other Holy-days, if there be no Communion, shall be said all that is appointed at the Communion until the end of The intercession, followed by one or more Collects contained in this Book or sanctioned by the Bishop, and the Service shall be concluded with the Blessing.

∂ And whenever this Service is used, Collects, contained in this Book, or sanctioned by the Bishop, may be said after The Intercession, or before the Blessing.


 

PROPER PREFACES.

Upon Christmas-Day and until the Epiphany.

BECAUSE thou didst give Jesus Christ thine only Son to be born as at this time for us: Who by the operation of the Holy Ghost, was made very man of the substance of the Virgin Mary his mother: And that without spot of sin, to make us clean from all sin. Therefore with Angels, &c.

Upon the Epiphany and seven days after.

THROUGH Jesus Christ our Lord: Who in substance of our mortal flesh manifested forth his glory: That lie might bring all men out of darkness into his own marvellous light. Therefore with Angels, &c.

Upon the Thursday before Easter.

THROUGH Jesus Christ our Lord: Who having loved his own that were in the world loved them unto the end: And on the night before be suffered, sitting at meat with his disciples, did institute these holy mysteries: That we, redeemed by his death and quickened by his resurrection, might be partakers of his divine nature. Therefore with Angels, &c.

Upon Easter-Day and until Ascension-Day.

BUT chiefly are we bound to praise thee for the glorious Resurrection of thy Son Jesus Christ our Lord: For he is the very Paschal Lamb, which was offered for us, and hath taken away the sin of the world; Who by his death hath destroyed death, and by his rising to life again bath restored to us everlasting life. Therefore with Angels, &c.

Upon Ascension-Day and until Whit-Sunday.

THROUGH thy most dearly beloved Son Jesus Christ our Lord: Who after his most glorious Resurrection manifestly appeared to all his Apostles: And in their sight ascended up into heaven to prepare a place for us; That where lie is, thither we might also ascend, and reign with him in glory. Therefore with Angels, &c.

Upon Whit-Sunday and six days after.

THROUGH Jesus Christ our Lord: Who after that he had ascended up far above all the heavens, and was set down at the right hand of thy Majesty: Did as at this time pour forth upon the Universal Church thy Holy and Life-giving Spirit: That through his glorious power the joy of the everlasting gospel might go forth into all the world: Whereby we have been brought out of darkness and error into the clear light and true knowledge of thee, and of thy Son our Saviour Jesus Christ. Therefore with Angels, &c.

Upon the Feast of Trinity only.

WHO with thine only-begotten Son and the Holy Ghost art one God one Lord in Trinity of persons and in Unity of Substance: For that which we believe of thy glory, O Father, the same we believe of thy Son and of the Holy Ghost, without any difference or inequality. Therefore with Angels, &c.

Upon the Feasts of the Purification and the Annunciation.

BECAUSE thou didst give Jesus Christ thine only Son to be born for our salvation: Who by the operation of the Holy Ghost, was made very man of the substance of the Virgin Mary his mother: And that without spot of sin to make us clean from all sin. Therefore with Angels, &c.

Upon the Feast of the Transfiguration.

BECAUSE the divine glory of the Incarnate Word shone forth upon the Holy Mount before the chosen witnesses of his majesty: And thine own voice from heaven proclaimed thy beloved Son. Therefore with Angels, &c.

Upon All Saintsí Day and the Feasts of Apostles, Evangelists, and St. John Baptistís Nativity, except when the Proper Preface of any Principal Feast is appointed.

WHO in the righteousness of thy Saints hast given us an ensample of godly living, and in their blessedness a glorious pledge of the hope of our calling: That, being compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, we may run with patience the race that is set before us: And with them receive the crown of glory that fadeth not away. Therefore with Angels, &c.

1927:
Upon the Consecration of a church. or the Feast of its Dedication.
1928:
A Preface which may be said upon the Consecration of a church, or upon the Feast of its Dedication.

WHO, though the heaven of heavens cannot contain thee and thy glory is in all the world : Dost deign to hallow places for thy worship, and in them dost pour forth gifts of grace upon thy faithful People. Therefore with Angels, &c.

A Preface which may be used upon any Sunday in the year for which no other Proper Preface is appointed.

THROUGH Jesus Christ our Lord; for he is the true High Priest, who hath washed us from our sins, and made us to be a kingdom and priests unto the our God and Father. Therefore with Angels, &c.

This Preface added in 1928.

 


AN ANTHEM

1927:
Which may be said or sung after the Sanctus.

1928:
 
Which may be said or sung immediately after the words, Glory be to the, O Lord most high. Amen.

BLESSED is he that cometh in the name of the Lord: Hosanna in the highest.


 

THE ORDER FOR A SECOND CONSECRATION.

If the consecrated Bread and Wine be spent before all have communicated, the Priest is to consecrate more, according to the form before prescribed. proceeding as follows.

If there be need to consecrate Bread only, he shall first say;

OUR Saviour Christ, in the same night that he was betrayed, took Bread; and when he had given thanks, he brake it, and gave it to his disciples, saying, Take, eat, this is my Body which is given for you ; Do this in remembrance of me.

Or if to consecrate Wine only, he shall first say;

LIKEWISE after supper our Saviour took the Cup; and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of this ; for this is my Blood of the New Covenant, which is shed for you and for many for the remission of sins; Do this, as oft as ye shall drink it, in remembrance of me.

Or if to consecrate both Bread and Wine, he shall first say both of the foregoing;

And thereafter in every case he shall add;

HEAR us, O merciful Father, we most humbly beseech thee, and with thy Holy and Life-giving Spirit vouchsafe to bless and sanctify both us and this (these) thy gift(s) of Bread (and) Wine, that it (they) may be unto us the Body (and) Blood of thy Son, our Saviour, Jesus Christ, to the end that, receiving the same, we may he strengthened and refreshed both in body and soul. Amen.


 

THE EXHORTATIONS

To be used when the Minister giveth warning for the celebration of the Holy Communion.

DEARLY beloved, on —— I purpose, through Godís assistance, to administer to all such as shall be religiously and devoutly disposed the most comfortable Sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ ; to be by them received in remembrance of his meritorious Cross and Passion; whereby alone we obtain remission of our sins, and are made partakers of the Kingdom of heaven.
    Wherefore it is our duty to render most humble and hearty thanks to Almighty God our heavenly Father, for that he hath given his Son our Saviour Jesus Christ, not only to die for us, but also to be our spiritual food and sustenance in that holy Sacrament.
    Which being so divine and comfortable a thing to them who receive it worthily, and so dangerous to them that will presume to receive it unworthily; my duty is to exhort you in the mean season to consider the dignity of that holy mystery, and the great peril of the unworthy receiving thereof; and so to search and examine your own consciences, (and that not lightly, and after the manner of dissemblers with God; but so) that ye may come holy and clean to such a heavenly Feast, in the marriage-garment required by God in holy Scripture, and be received as worthy partakers of that holy Table.
    The way and means thereto is; First, to examine your lives and conversations by the rule of Godís commandments; and whereinsoever ye shall perceive yourselves to have offended, either by will, word, or deed, there to bewail your own sinfulness, and to confess yourselves to Almighty God, with full purpose of amendment of life.
    And if ye shall perceive your offences to be such as are not only against God, but also against your neighbours; then ye shall reconcile yourselves unto them; being ready to make restitution and satisfaction, according to the uttermost of your powers, for all injuries and wrongs done by you to any other; and being likewise ready to forgive others that have offended you, as ye would have forgiveness of your offences at Godís hand: for otherwise the receiving of the Holy Communion doth nothing else but increase your guilt.
    Therefore if any of you be a blasphemer of God, an hinderer or slanderer of his Word, an adulterer, or be in malice, or envy, or in any other grievous crime, repent you of your sins, or else come not to that Holy Table.
    And because it is requisite, that no man should come to the holy Communion, but with a full trust in Godís mercy, and with a quiet conscience; therefore if there be any of you, who by this means cannot quiet his own conscience herein, but requireth further comfort or counsel, let him come to me, or to some other discreet and learned Minister of Godís Word, and open his grief; that by the ministry of Godís holy Word he may receive the benefit of absolution, together with ghostly counsel and advice, to the quieting of his conscience, and avoiding of all scruple and doubtfulness.

Or, in case he shall see the people negligent to come to the Holy Communion, instead of the former, he may use this Exhortation.

DEARLY beloved brethren, on I intend, by Godís grace, to celebrate the Lordís Supper: unto which, in Godís behalf, I bid you all that are here present; and beseech you, for the Lord Jesus Christís sake, that ye will not refuse to come thereto, being so lovingly called and bidden by God himself.
    Ye know how grievous and unkind a thing it is, when a man hath prepared a rich feast, decked his table with all kind of provision, so that there lacketh nothing but the guests to sit down; and yet they who are called (without any cause) most unthankfully refuse to come. Which of you in such a case would not be moved? Who would not think a great injury and wrong done unto him? Wherefore, most dearly beloved in Christ, take ye good heed, lest ye, withdrawing yourselves from this holy Supper, provoke Godís indignation against you. It is an easy matter for a man to say, I will not communicate, because I am otherwise hindered with worldly business. But such excuses are not so easily accepted and allowed before God. If any man say, I am a grievous sinner, and therefore am afraid to come: wherefore then do ye not repent and amend? When God calleth you, are ye not ashamed to say ye will not come? When ye should return to God, will ye excuse yourselves, and say ye are not ready? Consider earnestly with yourselves how little such feigned excuses will avail before God. They that refused the feast in the Gospel, because they had bought a farm, or would try their yokes of oxen, or because they were married, were not so excused, but counted unworthy of the heavenly feast.
    I, for my part, shall be ready; and, according to mine office, I bid you in the name of God, I call you in Christís behalf, I exhort you, as ye love your own salvation, that ye will be partakers of this Holy Communion. And as the Son of God did vouchsafe to yield up his soul by death upon the Cross for your salvation; so it is your duty to receive the Communion in remembrance of the sacrifice of his death, as he himself hath commanded: which if ye shall neglect to do, consider with yourselves how great injury ye do unto God, and how sore punishment hangeth over your heads for the same; when ye wilfully abstain from the Lordís Table, and separate from your brethren, who come to feed on the banquet of that most heavenly food.
    These things if ye earnestly consider, ye will by Godís grace return to a better mind: for the obtaining whereof we shall not cease to make our humble petitions unto Almighty God our heavenly Father.

Whereas it is ordained in this Office for the Administration of the Lordís Supper, that the communicants should receive the same kneeling; (which order is well meant, for a signification of our humble and grateful acknowledgement of the benefits of Christ therein given to all worthy receivers, and for the avoiding of such profanation and disorder in the Holy Communion, as might otherwise ensue;) yet, lest the same kneeling should by any persons, either out of ignorance and infirmity, or out of malice and obstinacy, be misconstrued and depraved; It is hereby declared, That thereby no adoration is intended, or ought to be done, either unto the Sacramental Bread or Wine there bodily received, or unto any Corporal Presence of Christís natural Flesh and Blood. For the Sacramental Bread and Wine remain still in their very natural substances, and therefore may not be adored; (for that were idolatry, to be abhorred of all faithful Christians;) and the natural Body and Blood of our Saviour Christ are in Heaven, and not here; it being against the truth of Christís natural Body to be at one time in more places than one.

This rubric (the so-called "Black Rubric") was added here in the 1928 version; in the 1927 version it is found only after the 1662 Communion Service.

 


 

Return to the 1928 Proposed Book of Common Prayer

Web author: Charles Wohlers U. S. EnglandScotlandIrelandWalesCanadaWorld